Feb 24, 2017
(i) Large scale mining and sand harvesting leave open debilitated pits. These activities have led to low land productivity, water pollution and climate change.
(ii) Gender inequality still a challenge. Due to high illiteracy rate among women, most of them are not adequately presented not only in decision making processes but also in other social and economic development spheres.
(iii) Poor leadership and bad governance has contributed to historical environmental injustices, land grabbing and resulting to the slow pace of development and high rates of poverty.
(iv) Toxic chemicals used in heavy mineral separation process and disturbance and redistribution of sediment could spell a disaster for the coastal waters.
(v) Increased extraction of wood fuel for various industries have immensely contributed to environmental degradation.
(vi) Insufficient tangible benefits sharing mechanisms for revenues generated via exploration of Natural resources. This relates to the percentage profit allocated to the community as part of the company’s Corporate Social Responsibility.
(vii) Mining of titanium leads to biodiversity loss (wildlife, agro-diversity), Loss of landscape/aesthetic degradation, Noise pollution, Soil contamination, Deforestation and loss of vegetation cover Air pollution, Food insecurity (crop damage), Genetic contamination, Global warming, Soil erosion, Waste overflow, Surface water pollution / Decreasing water Groundwater pollution or depletion.
(i) Reclaiming land after mining activities. This will improve land productivity.
(ii) Empowering women and giving them a platform to participate in decision making on matters of land and natural resource management.
(iii) Civic education should be provided to the community to help them know their environmental rights and also enable them take part in informed decision making in their county.
(iv) Push the elected leaders to be accountable through advocacy and lobbying by ensuring proper relocating and compensation of communities around the mining industry.
(v) Provision of Corporate Social Responsibility to the community by all stakeholders in the mining industry.